Common causes of bleeding gums

Common causes of bleeding gums 1

Bleeding anywhere in your body isn’t normal. When it occurs after brushing and flossing it means something in your mouth needs attention. But it’s tempting to ignore. After all, there isn’t any pain. But healthy gums shouldn’t bleed easily.

Here’s a checklist of potential causes of bleeding gums arranged in order of increasing concern.

New toothbrush

If you’ve switched from soft to hard bristles, you could experience some bleeding. Get back to using a soft bristle brush. You should see things improve.

Aggressive brushing

Is your brushing technique too forceful? Many believe that harder brushing results in cleaner teeth. Not true. While you need some pressure, think of it more like a gentle massage. If the bristles on your toothbrush appear splayed, you may be pressing too hard.

Flossing changes

If you change the frequency of your flossing, your gums may bleed. If you’re new to flossing, or you miss a day or two, you may see a bit of blood. But it should stop after a day or two. If you have bleeding every time you floss, it may mean you have gingivitis.


This is the first stage of gum disease. It’s a painless condition in which plaque collects below the gum line. This causes your gums to pull away from your teeth. Which creates pockets that can collect food particles and breed bacteria. Professional cleaning and better oral hygiene can turn things around. If not, the process worsens.


The plaque has now hardened into tarter. The gums are suffering from a serious infection. There is damage to soft tissue and the bone that support the teeth. The infection can increase inflammation throughout the body. Chronic bad breath, painful chewing and affected teeth can loosen and be lost.

Thankfully, bleeding gums can be prevented. The winning formula is simple:

  1. Brush at least twice a day
  2. Floss at least once a day
  3. Limit snacking between meals
  4. Avoid sugary foods and drinks
  5. Stop all tobacco use
  6. De-stress your life
  7. Get regular dental checkups

Put an end to pink in the sink when you brush your teeth. Schedule a visit to our practice. We’ll help identify if your gums are bleeding, what the cause is, and help get it under control.


More information

Dental hygiene is extremely important for maintaining good tooth health. For more information regarding how to care for your teeth visit our dental hygiene page.